Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (23 June 1912–7 June 1954), was an English mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst and computer scientist. He was influential in the development of computer science and providing a formalisation of the concept of the algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, playing a significant role in the creation of the modern computer.
Relation to Computing:
The Second World War resulted in a intense period of scientific discovery and invention, including considerable steps forward in the development of modern computation, often building on earlier work by those enrolled in the war effort. The work done by Allied cryptanalysts in creating early computers to decode German and Japanese coded messages would set the stage for general purpose electrical and later electronic computers, and those who worked through the war would continue to play significant roles in their development. Alan Turing in particular developed various concepts which provide theoretical support for modern computer science, as well as some early electronic computers after the war.
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